Photo 196886198 © Shahin Mammadov |
660b3fe9c38cb8001ea79e4b Dreamstime M 196886198

Supply Chain Crisis: Billions Worth of Stock Discarded Due to Expiry, Overproduction

Feb. 7, 2023
$163 billion worth of inventory is discarded each year due to expiry or overproduction—equivalent to 3.6% of annual profits.

Overproduction and waste are exacerbating the supply chain crisis and hitting businesses to the tune of 3.6% of their annual profits as nearly 8% of stock perishes or is discarded. This significant loss includes 4.3% of stock that spoils in the supply chain before it even reaches the shelf with a further 3.4% discarded due to overproduction. This loss amounts to $163.1 billion worth of inventory.

This data has been published in a new global report by Avery Dennison, a global Fortune 500 materials science and digital identification solutions company. The Missing Billions: The Real Cost of Supply Chain Waste is an in-depth report assessing the state of global supply chains and the issue of waste across the U.S., U.K., France, China, and Japan.

The data analyzed 318 global firms and found that while companies are acutely aware of the problem, they are not investing the budget required to fix it. Respondents say that on average 28.9% of their organization’s sustainability impact comes from the supply chain. However, just 4.4% of technology budgets on average are specifically dedicated to supply chain sustainability improvement.

Over 9 in 10 businesses surveyed stated they are under pressure to become more sustainable with 60% claiming it as a ‘high’ priority. However, respondents cited challenges to achieving supply chain resilience with the ‘top three’ concerns being ‘lack of buy-in from upper management’, ‘challenges integrating disparate systems’, and ‘insufficient coordination among internal stakeholders’.

The Urgent Case for Transparency

The report highlights an intention to address these issues. A substantial 61% of organizations have already deployed solutions to track unique items but this will rise to over 95% as a further 34.6% ‘plan to’ as companies seek to improve supply chain visibility and traceability. Blockchain investment will see the single biggest leap – 97% of companies surveyed plan to invest in this area within five years (compared to 12% today). Within five years some 99% of companies plan to use smart devices (including sensors and drones), and 97% will use industrial IoT.

Francisco Melo, senior vice president and general manager at Avery Dennison Smartrac comments:

“The current supply chain disruption is leading to a waste crisis making the case for sustainable practices even more urgent and necessary. There is a huge opportunity for organizations to accelerate digital transformation that will help to create longer-term systemic change. The moral and economic case is clear and the study shows the desire from organizations to embrace technological advancements for the benefit of the business and the planet.”

Shoppers Driven by Better Choices for Longer-Lasting Products

Shifts in consumers’ spending continue to play havoc with inventories and the Avery Dennison report highlights mixed signals about consumer shopping habits. Unsurprisingly, cost is a high priority for consumers. However, the report, which surveyed 7,500 consumers globally, ranks quality equally alongside cost as the number one concern at 22%.

U.K. consumers are the most cost-conscious with 28% listing it as the top priority followed closely by France and Japan, both at 25%. China is a significant outlier with just 6% of shoppers surveyed stating cost as their number one concern. 

The data also reveals some concerning trends around sustainability with just 16% of shoppers putting sustainability in their top three deciding factors and only 12% prioritizing the ethical sourcing of their products. However, the research also points to a shift in the desire for durable products with ‘durability’ ranked by 1 in 2 global consumers (48%) as a top five concern, suggesting there is an opportunity for businesses to shape the future of sustainability by putting a greater focus on product durability and in enabling the circular economy.

Initiatives by businesses to achieve greater transparency can have benefits for consumers too. Over half of shoppers surveyed (52%) agree that when buying clothing, “transparency about a product’s journey to the consumer is important to me” and "being more transparent about materials/ingredients used” was ranked as the top driver for making more sustainable decisions when buying food and beauty products—stated by (37%) and (35%) of shoppers respectively.

For a full copy of the report - The Missing Billions: The Real Cost of Supply Chain Waste - download it here.


Business-to-business research took place via 18 qualitative interviews and surveys among 250 global supply chain technology executives across five industry sectors. Research took place between May and August 2022 across China, France, Japan, U.K., and the USA. 

The consumer research was powered by Canvas8 and was conducted as an online survey between June 3rd and June 28th, 2022. The survey sample was 7,500 consumers across China, France, Japan, U.K., and the USA who had household responsibility for the purchasing of apparel, food, and/or beauty products.

Avery Dennison Corporation is a global materials science company specializing in the design and manufacture of a wide variety of labeling and functional materials. The company’s products and solutions, which are used in nearly every major industry, include pressure-sensitive materials for labels and graphic applications; tapes and other bonding solutions for industrial, medical, and retail applications; tags, labels, and embellishments for apparel; and RFID solutions serving retail apparel and other markets. Learn more at