Polygon Solution’s Rotary Broach Form Drill is a new tool used to improve manufacturing processes used in rotary broaching. Rotary broaching is a machining technique used to create hexagon and square holes in metals and plastic parts such as custom aerospace fasteners, orthopedic bone screws and hydraulic fittings. The new form drill is used to drill the pilot hole needed before the rotary broach can shape the hole. The form drill is appears to look like a common drill, however three innovative features make it much more valuable. The first feature and most important dimension is the pilot hole diameter. Optimal pilot hole dimensions for rotary broaching are about three percent larger than the flat-to-flat dimensions of the hexagon.
The oversize pilot hole makes individual chips curl into the hole, and reduces the amount of material to be removed when broaching. The smaller amount of material to be removed also reduces the amount of force required by the machine to push the broach into the hole. The second feature of the form drill is the chamfer created by the drill’s profile. The chamfer at the opening of the hole is critical to rotary broaching because it allows the broach to easily start curling a chip at each corner of the hexagon. Typically, the chamfer has to be created by a second cutting tool. The rotary broach form drill thus eliminates the second tool from the operation in the machine, freeing up a machine tool position and cutting tool inventory.
The third feature of the form drill is the depth. The depth of the form drill is predetermined at about one and a half times the flat-to-flat dimension of the hexagon. Because most hexagons are broached to a depth of only one time the flat-to-flat dimension, the extra depth is used to allow chips to curl up inside of the hole without interfering with the broaching operation. Chips from soft materials like aluminum and mild steel easily compact into the hole. Chips can also be removed after the operation using the form drill if desired. The predetermined depth eliminates programming and set-up time. Polygon Solution’s innovative from drill can be used to eliminate pilot hole depth and diameter calculations, additional chamfering tools, cutting tool inventory and valuable tooling positions. Form drills can be purchased with matching rotary broaches to simplify tool ordering and inventory. This lean manufacturing tool is a must for high production hexagon and square hole manufacturing.